Context to present crisis
Geography has always been Afghanistan’s strategic curse. During the 19th century, the ‘great game’ was played in Afghanistan between the Czarist Russia and the British Imperial power.
With the beginning of the 20th century, Afghanistan was realized to become the proxy nation to fight the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Being closest to the softest part of the Soviet’s southern belly, the Soviets wanted to control the political power in Afghanistan, making the Americans interfere. This made Afghanistan the victim of the superpower rivalry.
The 1979 invasion by the Soviets led to 10 years of instability in Afghanistan causing the alliance between the Americans and the Mujahedeen, which in 1989 was
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